- •Cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) removal is indispensable for CIED pocket infection; therefore, transvenous lead extraction (TLE) with excimer laser sheaths was performed in this case.
- •Vascular injury is one of the most serious complications during TLE.
- •We directly confirmed the venous endothelium after TLE and recognized the risk of vascular injury after TLE with excimer laser sheaths. These angioscopic findings might reveal the risk of vascular injury from excessive laser irradiation to strong adhesion tissue in the same region.
- 2017 HRS expert consensus statement on cardiovascular implantable electronic device lead management and extraction.Heart Rhythm. 2017; 14: e503-e551
Funding Sources: None.
Disclosures: All authors have no conflicts to disclose.
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