HRCR Rare Diseases Article Collection
Groin lymphorrhea after catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation: A case reportCatheter ablation is a well-established therapeutic option for the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF).1,2 Although nowadays performed on a routine basis, catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AFCA) is associated with a non-negligible complication rate of up to 16% with significant discrepancies in incidence and type, with vascular access site complications being the most common (groin hematoma, femoral arterial pseudoaneurysms, and femoral arteriovenous fistula).1–4 We report a case of a 75-year-old White male patient with right groin lymphorrhea as an access site–related complication after second catheter ablation of recurrent atrial fibrillation.
A case of successful catheter ablation for biatrial reentrant tachycardia after a Mustard operation for dextro-transposition of the great arteriesMustard and Senning operations are atrial switch techniques for dextro-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA) that have been mainly performed during a period from the 1960s to the mid-1980s.
Catheter ablation for persistent atrial fibrillation in an elderly patient with cor triatriatum sinisterCor triatriatum sinister (CTS) accounts for <0.1% of all congenital heart diseases. It is a condition in which the fibromuscular membrane divides the left atrium (LA) into 2 chambers.1 The superior and posterior chambers receive the pulmonary veins, and the inferior and anterior chambers are connected to the left atrial appendage and mitral orifice.2 Pathophysiologically, CTS is similar to mitral stenosis,3 and the symptoms are correlated with pulmonary venous congestion and pressure loading at the right side of the heart.
Successful ablation of an outlet septum ventricular tachycardia in a double-outlet right ventricle patient who underwent an extracardiac Fontan operationArrhythmias are one of the most common causes of death in the late period post Fontan operation1 and are associated with a 3.5% incidence of ventricular tachycardia (VT).2 The extracardiac Fontan (EC-Fontan) has recently become the most commonly used approach in the Fontan operation. In such patients, catheter ablation (CA) is difficult to perform because the venous access to the heart is limited. A transcaval cardiac puncture (TCP) technique for gaining access to the heart chamber has previously been suggested for EC-Fontan patients.
Late-onset Fabry disease revealed by ventricular tachycardia: A case reportFabry disease (FD) is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder due to mutations in the GLA gene leading to deficiency of lysosomal α-galactosidase A (α-Gal A). Classic FD causes multiorgan failure, whereas the later-onset phenotype is characterized by predominantly cardiac manifestations. Ventricular arrhythmias are among the complications.1,2
Parahisian pacing to unmask Brugada pattern with concomitant left bundle branch block and to document epicardial ablation endpoint in Brugada syndromeBrugada syndrome, traditionally described as a channelopathy affecting transmembrane sodium current, has been recognized as a structural disease affecting the epicardial right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT).1–3 This observation has been the basis for successful arrhythmic substrate ablation in these patients, with resolution of the Brugada pattern in the anterior precordial leads reported as a reliable procedural endpoint.4,5 However, the typical precordial electrocardiogram (ECG) pattern is obscured in patients with concomitant left bundle branch block (LBBB),6 making this a challenging observation in such patients.